What is a peptide?
A peptide is a short chain of amino acids linked by peptide bonds. Peptides are shorter than proteins but longer than amino acids.
Here are some key facts about peptides:
- Peptides are typically made up of 2-50 amino acids. Shorter chains are known as dipeptides (2 amino acids) or tripeptides (3 amino acids).
- Peptides play many critical biological roles, including as signaling molecules (hormones), antibiotics, and more.
- Well-known peptide hormones include insulin, oxytocin, and glucagon. These help regulate appetite, childbirth, emotions, and blood sugar.
- Some peptides derived from food proteins have bioactive properties and provide health benefits. These are known as bioactive peptides.
- The peptide bond links the carboxyl group of one amino acid to the amino group of another. This creates the peptide chain.
- Chains of more than 50 amino acids are usually referred to as proteins rather than peptides.
So in summary, a peptide is a short chain of amino acids that plays critical signaling, structural, and functional roles in the body.
Promising Research on Peptides
Exciting research shows peptides have anti-aging and restorative properties.
Some key roles and health benefits linked to peptides include:
- Anti-aging effects: Certain peptides appear to have anti-aging and protective effects on cells, tissues and organs in animal research. Epithalon is one example that shows promise.
- Injury recovery: Bioactive peptides accelerate recovery after injury and help build and repair muscle tissue. Helpful for athletes.
- Blood pressure: Milk-derived peptides may help lower blood pressure levels, improving heart health.
- Antimicrobial properties: Some peptides show antimicrobial activity helping destroy harmful microbes like bacteria and fungi.
The experienced medical team at Vitality Wellness Clinic stays current on all the latest peptide research like this to provide you cutting-edge and evidence-based care. Visit them today to unlock your best self with peptide therapy.