Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of the microarchitecture of bone tissue, leading to increased risk of fractures. It is often called a "silent disease" as there are usually no symptoms until a fracture occurs.
Some key facts about osteoporosis:

Diagnosis is made using BMD testing, most commonly dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). This painless scan compares the patient's bone density to a healthy 30 year old adult. If significantly decreased, a diagnosis of osteoporosis or low bone mass may be made.

Treatment focuses on preventing further bone loss and fractures. This may include:

The key to managing osteoporosis is early detection and active prevention of bone loss. With proper treatment, most patients can maintain an active lifestyle and avoid debilitating fractures. Consult your doctor if you have risks factors or want to get screened. Small changes can have big impacts on bone health!

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